The Importance of Post Adoption

Children who were abused during childhood have disparate developments even when subsequently grow in a protected environment. Their behaviors are often difficult to interpret and require understanding on the part of adults, the effects and the influence of such damage in the short, medium and long term. In recent years we have seen that the personal development of children whose early life took place in very disadvantaged circumstances depends largely on the resources available after adoption. The magnitude and duration of these effects reside on different factors, some related to the personal characteristics of the child and the circumstances in which he lived before adoption and others in the context of host – family and school, basically. While it would be desirable to affect all evolutionary time also providing the best conditions before adoption, our work is almost exclusively in the post- adoptive land (international adoption) and that is where we hone in prevention measures. We intend here reflect some conclusions that leads the post- adoption work, focused to ensure adequate minimize the effects of these initial damage conditions.
Post Adoption Lunch
Photo Credit: michelebertolone

Repeated and persistent living in poor conditions conducive to the child model building of relationship with him and the world, in the eyes of welcoming people, can be difficult to understand. Your tolerance limits and frustrations as well as their acceptance of the caring relationship are interpreted by the child from models of insecure or disorganized attachment and in some children we described a real disorder link, while most of them have difficulties more or less important in the field of relationships.

The baby is a fragile and immature being who is born with certain skills but need protection for their survival and development. Even when provided basic care in the absence of the protective function, beyond meeting the basic needs, provide emotional nourishment, the baby can die or grow suffering significant emotional and cognitive imbalances. So you can progress healthily is necessary that during the first years available, continuously, of the relationship of who will provide unconditional security. Daily experience in solving everyday small conflicts through containment and empathy provided by the adult is emotionally tied bra allowing you to feel increasingly confident. That basic trust is fertile ground to develop more complex strategies, again, reinforce the possibility to tolerate waiting and empty and therefore new learning approach. When no such significant figures, the child develops coping mechanisms , alone, to the myriad changes , conflicts and difficulties of everyday life, unable to deposit in the adult anxieties produced by these unmet needs , is doomed to implement defense mechanisms that ensure their survival – splitting, repression, self-soothing , and the use of a lot of energy to keep that survival. Thus, the child builds a picture of the world as a hostile place which defend or protect, and later moved to the new context that model and new relationships.

After the adoption is a long way of reparation. These beginnings are not determinative in absolute terms, but there is significant risk that, if not taken seriously into account and appropriate during the years immediately following resources are available, their influence is decisive yes. Experience shows that the variability of cases is large, so it is necessary to design a therapeutic process “as” using creative and flexible resources. However, we have verified that some practices are, first, in all material cases:

Many parents, in addition to proper and lengthy preparation prior to adoption, need the back support by specialists to help them interpret what they “say” your child with their behavior. It is not always clear that reading and unwittingly may incur misunderstandings that maintain or exacerbate personal and family dynamics.
It is essential that the entrance to the school environment is delayed. The adopted child requires, first, the adult reference known, which is emotionally connected and can provide answers to your needs moving on your personal record. Entry to kindergarten or school takes place a few months after the adoption, not only runs the risk of disrupting the maturation process started shortly before; otherwise you lose a “sensitive time” incorporating basic functions that, later, will be very necessary for the other side and more difficult to establish.
When is a good time to start school, it is advisable to think about the type of center and the most appropriate level for the child, the course that corresponds to chronological age is not always the rightful by maturity. Again we must refer to the specifics of that child and procure the level of demand and the difficulty is really prepared.
Provide additional support in school is highly recommended. Often, for example, that the child, in this sense immature, constantly interrupting behave in class, disturbing, moving or acting harshly and rejection. That way you do can easily inspire and punishment by teachers quarrel or fight with peers. If adults provide, instead, attention is encouraged that he may be acquiring their own forms of containment. It is very possible that this involves the presence of an additional adult in the classroom and on the playground, someone who knows about the degree of tolerance of the child and can serve as an interpreter, guide and mediator. At present it is not easy to have these conditions, but we must say that would be the best. Also, the advice from specialists to faculty about the genesis of renewal difficult behaviors and learning difficulties, as well as the tools to implement resources, is an important support mechanism and prevention.
Adopted children often require assistance from various – medical specialists, speech therapist, psychologist, therapist, sensory integration, etc. Those who sometimes do their work alone are explaining both progress and pitfalls from their particular look. That performance may mislead the family and sometimes triggers the interrupt aid prematurely. We find especially interesting collaborative engagement among all (specialists, family, and school) to create an initial therapeutic environment and prepare the later therapeutic use of resources.

General guide the process of international adoption

International adoption is a unique and permanent resource for children, who for various reasons cannot be cared for by their families, or their country.

The procedure and the established technical criteria are designed to establish the necessary guarantees for these adoptions are made in consideration of the best interests of children and respect for their rights.

International adoption is normatively framed, internationally, within The Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Cooperation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption, which ensures the protection of children suffer social, political and adverse economic and own countries regulations. Statewide by Organic Law 1/1996 of 15 January on the Legal Protection of Minors and the Law 54/2007 of 28 December of Intercountry Adoption. At the regional level by the regulation for each Autonomous Community, in the case of Andalusia , Law 1 /1998 of the Rights and the Care of Children and Decree 282/2002 , Foster Family and Adoption .

The adoption of a child or a child requires a decision process and maturation by families in which to reflect on the following factors:

Situation adoptability: Legally have to be in a situation of adoptability, i.e. with a declaration of abandonment or because are deceased parent, or if that is not the case, consent to the adoption are unknown or who engage in causes of deprivation of parental rights.
Personal and family history: Children have a vivid story that will accompany them throughout their lives. This story, in most cases, is loaded with negative experiences, neglect, maltreatment, abuse, dislocation, family breakdown, difficulties in acquiring attachments with adults.
To build their personal identity requires that its new adoptive family accept their personal history as well as family, and they are able to reveal their status as adopted or adopted.
Socio -political and economic status of the country: Countries of origin of girls and children eligible for adoption suffer usually precarious situations. These results in the adoptive family must take a number of risks, in some cases:
Lack of family and personal health history
Emotional deprivation and socio- environmental. Often have been institutionalized in overcrowded centers where professionals can very hardly establish an individualized care plan for each child.
Political situations of high instability are leading to possible legislative changes affecting the adoptive process.
Interethnic and intercultural character: They come from different ethnic groups, even within the same country, with physical features and different skin color, different cultures, with customs, lifestyle, changing perceptions of reality in terms of their culture of origin, and in many cases, different languages. Therefore, it is important that the family has ability to accept these ethnic and cultural differences.


The steps of the process of international adoption in our region are:

1. Application for declaration of suitability for international adoption.
2. Declaration of suitability.
3. Resolution suitability and choice of country.
4. Preparation of the record and sent to the country.
5. Acceptance of the file by assigning a country or a minor.
6. Stay at home and judicial or administrative process of adoption
7. Arrival of Andalusia or less.
8. Completion of follow adoption of the child or the child and her family, required by the state of origin or less.


They may seek a declaration of suitability for international adoption marriages, unmarried couples or individuals, aged 25 years. For couples is sufficient that one meets this requirement. Although the Spanish legislation contemplates currently no nay no country to accept the adoption by same-sex couples.

Interested persons should submit to the Provincial Delegation of the Ministry of Gender, Health and Social Policy at a place of residence application as Annex 1 to Decree 282/2.002, and the documents referred to in art. 17.2 Thereof, without prejudice to the provisions of art. 38.4 Of Law 30 /1992.

2 – . DECLARATION OF FITNESS (More Information)

The process of study and evaluation for suitability statement has two stages:

The information – education families
The piscológica and social assessment

In step – training information, all families on a voluntary basis, can have the information they need by professionals local offices of Equality, Health and Social Policies or equipment authorized thereto, on general aspects of intercountry adoption processing in general or on specific requirements and characteristics of states.

To complete this stage, families training sessions, mandatory, which aim to prepare future fathers and adoptive mothers to better understand their own role and to address the challenges and special efforts involving the adoption will be taught.

To achieve psychological and social assessment, intervention by a team of professional psychologists and social work is required. These following the methodology, procedure and criteria set out in 282/2.002 Decree of 12 November, professionals value the ability of families to be parents or adoptive mothers.

The assessment involves interviews and home visit and aptitude tests that the professionals consider necessary for the assessment. Once you have all the information from the family, the reports will include information relevant to the family, the proposal on suitability and characteristics or child or group of siblings that will be developed for considered suitable in your case.

Currently in Andalusia, both training and psychological and social assessment is conducted through the company EULEN Sociosanitarios, with which the Government of Andalusia has signed a contract management.

The conditions of the Service Information, Training, and Reporting Suitability Rating, and Annex of Performing and Rates effective from 1 September, are available to families in the local offices of the Ministry of Equality, health and Social Policy.

He completed the assessment; the family was informed of the proposal to raise the appropriate Service Regional Delegation for Equality, Health and Social Policies. In view of the reports and other documents in the file, a proposal to the Provincial Commission for Protection Measures body to settle the suitability is made.

Resolved suitability for international adoption, it is valid for three years, and shall be updated upon expiration of such period, if it were a decision, or where there during this time in family events or circumstances likely to modify their suitability.

According to our regulations may deal simultaneously in two different countries. In any case, when making the choice is necessary to take into account the characteristics of children in each country and compliance with the requirements of the state of origin or less.

Moreover, in cases in which a record of international adoption is processed in two states, the placement of a child in one place shall be suspended immediately pending before the other state. Once constituted the adoption of the assignment, it will cancel the suitability, low in the register file and application processing in the second state.

This affects only the files that have begun processing in 2 states from March 1, 2009.

Also, you can only apply for processing the file in two states simultaneously when both belong to the Hague Convention of communication exists or assignment, either through the Central Authorities or accredited if ECAIs .

Chosen the country, the case is submitted to the Department on Aging, Children and Families of the Department of Equality, Health and Social Policies, competent central authority in Andalucía on adoption, for the issuance of the certificate of fitness, commitment monitoring and other documents required by the country, if any.

The dossier is being prepared for shipment to the country taking into account legislation and state requirements, the processing system chosen (or Public Entity ECAI), system documents legalization (legalization or apostle) and / or the need for translation.

If processing through the public entity applicants will be responsible for preparing their personal, legalization or apostille documents, and translation, if necessary.

In the event that the country exiga full record (personal papers and public entity) will be sent. In this case, applicants shall provide their personal documents to the Administration, completed as required by the country. Completed file is sent to the Ministry of Education and Science, through diplomatic channels that will reach the country.

If the country does not exiga processing of the full application by the Administration, it will only forward the documents of the Public Entity.

When the system handling cost is selected by ECAI, once the certificate of suitability and commitment tracking DG Seniors, Children and Families issued, refer to the ECAI for the preparation of the record pursuant to by country and product delivery.

The declaration of suitability of families issued by the Provincial Delegation of the Ministry of Gender, Health and Social Policies not eligible families adopting a child. Are the competent authorities of the country where the record is directed, which revised once it has the power to accept the family as a candidate for the adoption of one or less and make the assignment?

Once assigned the lower or the country, if that is a signatory to the Hague Convention, and following the provisions of the same, send documentation of the child to the Department of Seniors, Children and Families, as authority central competent, either directly or through the ECAI, if the case was processed in this way.

He valued the assignment, verifying the adequacy regarding the suitability of the family, DG Seniors, Children and Families shall, where appropriate, approve, and introduced to the family, upon acceptance, will be under a proceeding for adoption.

In case of countries that are not part of The Hague Convention intercountry adoption, allocation can get directly to the family, which is required to communicate this allocation to the Department within 10 days.

When there is no match between the allocation made and suitability (difference significant age, health problems), but the family is willing to accept assignment, you need to perform an update of the fitness to give pursuant to the continuation of adoption procedure.

The adoption process is in accordance with the provisions of the legislation of the country of origin. In most countries a period prior to the adoption process may be judicial or administrative; in order to assess the link between the boy or girl and her new family together is necessary.

Once the period of prior cohabitation ended, begins the legal process of adoption, which required if the country will speak a lawyer or attorney appointed by the family. This constituted the adoption may register at the Civil Registry of the Consulate of Spain in the country, or on arrival in Spain, in the Central Civil Registry or in the civil registry of the place of residence shall transmit to the Civil Registry in Madrid.

If the child is not registered in the Consulate of Spain in the country, it will issue a visa for departure.

If the family has it processed your file through the public agency is required to submit either the Provincial Delegation of the Ministry of Gender, Health and Social Policy at their place of residence or in the Directorate General for seniors, Children and families, copy of your adoption decree or administrative decision.

If this processing pathway ECAI shall be responsible for forwarding to the Directorate General of seniors, Children and Families.

Once in Andalucía, on the recommendation of the epidemiological authorities, it should review your health and immune. It is also advisable to delay the start of day care attendance and / or schools as long as possible, at least the period of maternity leave, considering adapting the minor child and the need to create and strengthen links affective with his new family.

To request a new statement of fitness after an international or after the birth of a biological child adoption, there should be at least one year has elapsed since the arrival of the child.
8 – . MONITORING post adoptive

The post adoptive monitoring, required by the state of origin or children, aims to meet the integration of the child or the child in the adoptive family.

Its periodicity is set by the country of origin or minors. Families are required to complete it and are committed to its implementation, for what they have to pay the appropriate fees and do, as the case corresponding translation and legalization, paying the costs that this entails. – About

Adopting a child is a long process, full of emotions and feelings of satisfaction, but it is also a complex process that involves a number of challenges and tasks.

The Ministry of Gender, Health and Social Policy has launched specialized post-adoption services offered: Information and advice, individual intervention and / or mediation in family and search for origins.

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